In the past long kameez worn by Indian Muslim and Punjabi women and sari was the traditional dress of Hindu women pairing it with top called choli / blouse. Rajasthani women wore long choli up to waist size, women of other cast like banzara and vaghri wore long blouse which covers stomach (somewhat look like ladies jacket) and that led to the way for the design of a shorter version of kameez. After that short length kameez came in to act and it became the part of ladies wear. Retro Indian girls used to wear it with long skirt in olden days.
Shorter form of kameez referred to as Kurti in Indian fashion is specially designed for women and girls which is the basic difference of kurti and kurtas. The Kurta can be worn by both men and women but short kurtis are only designed to wear for women and today the kurtis have gone viral in the modern women fashion world. Every kurti stitched with same fundamental but by adding different neck pattern. Fabrics and sleeves make it trendy and that’s what our designers are doing in kurtis fashion. Kurtis offered with various traditional embroidery in different parts of India is in high demand. Even kurti has been fashioned with different kind of printing and mirror work.
Vegetable dye short kurtis:
These type of dying technique is done with help of maddar’s root and longwood trees to make the short silk and cotton kurta.
Short kurti’s animal dye:
The Insect name cocas are used to make such short kurtis. It is made using wools and silk to give red and orange color.
Short kurti’s with mineral dye:
Various minerals dye is used to make such kurtis, for example- iron buff.
Short kurti’s hand printing and machine printing:
To give colorful effect on short kurtis different printings are used.
Let’s see some of the basic handmade and machine made printing
Short kurtis block printing:
This printing is exactly same as stamp printing on piece of paper here we use wooden block with various design uniformly press on different fabrics and after that this type of short kurti finishes in last form. These designs look good but not as perfect as machine printing and also time consuming.
Short kurti’s stencil printing:
This printing is done with cardboard or metal block, First the design cut on card board or metal and after that the color apply on it and that block press on fabrics to get the require design ,again this printing style is also time consuming.
The designs are made on wooden screen with hand and then applied on silk to give it a final touch. This method is done with automatic machine nowadays.
In recent days kurtis made with many types of machine printing work like Pigment, photo, transfer, flock and many more. Moreover the traditional embroidery work, glass work, zardoshi work also have been applied on short kurtis to attract young girls.
Two more techniques that are not covered in details here are: